Types of Innovation

Posted: January 9, 2009 in Islam

Assalamu’alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu,

Below are some interesting stuffs to know that I read from a book entitled “A Gift For The Intellects In Explanation of The Three Fundamental Principles of Islam” by Shaykul Islam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab and explained by Shaykhul Faqeeh al-‘Allaamah ‘Ubaid Ibn Abdullah al-Jaabiree.

There are three types innovation:

1. Bid’ah Mukaffirah (an innovation that exits someone from the fold of Islam) like the belief of the Raafidhah, Jahmiyyah, hulool and Wahdatul-wujood.

2. Bid’ah Mufassiqah (an innovation that doesn’t exit someone from the fold of Islam) like the belief of the Mu’tazilah and Ashaa’irah.

3. An innovation that is lesser than this like the bid’ah of making remembrence in congregation, all together, with one voice.

This is the understanding of innovation the way the Salaf have explained it.

How to deal with ahlul bid’ah?

If the supremacy and overall power belongs to Ahlus Sunnah, it is beneficial to boycott and discipline the innovators but if overall power and strength belongs to the people of innovation, then the innovator shouldn’t be boycotted due to fear of the more evil consequences. This is because boycotting revolves around the actualization of benefit and repelling evil and limiting it. It is important for the callers to Allah understand that subject of boycotting the innovator as being part of the principle of al Walaa wal Baraa and this is an obligation when it produces the desired objective and when it isn’t feared that it would result in a greater evil. Allahu’alam.

InshaAllah, I hope that everyone who read this can benefit from it.


  1. AhsanAllahu ilaykum.

    Regarding the verse “You will not find a people believing in Allaah and the last day loving those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger”, Shaykh Ubayd hafidhahullah mentions in the same book (A Gift For The Intellects…), “This verse is amongst the strongest evidence that prove that it is necessary to be cautious of, criticise and reject innovation.” He further stated that “The salaf, however, warned against all types of innovations, it has not been transmitted about them that they only warned against bid’ah mukaffirah.”

    “If the innovator openly calls to his innovation, the norm is for him to be disciplined and boycotted. The scholars stipulated that the narration of the innovator be rejected if he conveys something that supports the innovation he is upon, but if the innovator doesn’t call to his innovation or conveys something which doesn’t support his innovation, they accepted his narration.

    The innovator should be boycotted unless you know that it will result in greater evil.”

    This is what Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullah also mentioned that Warning against Ahlul Bid’ah is the Foundation. See http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=23&Topic=8525

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