Lessons from Surah al Kahf

Posted: July 11, 2011 in Diari, Interest, Islam, Pearls of wisdom

Assalamu’alaykum warahmatullah,

Today I’m gonna share with you guys some important notes that I have benefited from the MSA weekly halaqah on the Tafseer of Qur’an. Today we discussed about Surah Kahf. As most of you guys might have already know, it is a sunnah that is highly recommended by the Prophet SAW to read Surah al-Kahf every Friday. Below are some of the virtues of reciting Surah al-Kahf (excerpt from here):

(a) From Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri, who said: “Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Ka’bah).”

(Narrated by al-Daarimi, 3407. This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami, 6471)

(b) “Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will shine from him from one Friday to the next.”

(Narrated by al-Haakim, 2/399; al-Bayhaqi, 3/249. Ibn Hajar said in Takhreej al-Adhkaar that this is a hasan hadeeth, and he said, this is the strongest report that has been narrated concerning reading Surah al-Kahf. See: Fayd al-Qadeer, 6/198. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6470)

(c) It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, a light will shine for him from beneath his feet to the clouds of the sky, which will shine for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven (his sins) between the two Fridays.’”

Al-Mundhiri said, this was narrated by Abu Bakr ibn Mardawayh in his Tafseer, with an isnaad with which there was nothing wrong.

(al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1/298)

The surah may be read during the night or the day of Jumu’ah. The night of Jumu’ah starts from sunset on Thursday, and the day of Jumu’ah ends at sunset. Therefore the time for reading this surah extends from sunset on Thursday to sunset on Friday.

Al-Mannaawi said:

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in his Amaali: “In some reports it says ‘the day of Jumu’ah’ and in some reports it says ‘the night of Jumu’ah’. They may be reconciled by saying that what is meant is the day which includes the night and vice versa.” (Fayd al-Qadeer, 6/199)

Not only that, the 10 first verses or last verses of Surah al-Kahf also serves as protection, to any muslims who recites them, against the fitnah of al-Maseeh ad-Dajjal based on the hadeeth related below (excerpt from here):

Abu al-Darda’ (Allah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said, “Whoever commits ten verses from the beginning Surah al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa’i, and others; the wording is Muslim’s]

In a narration in Muslim and Abu Dawud it states, “From the end of Surah al-Kahf.” Tirmidhi related is with the words, “Whoever recites three verses from the beginning of al-Kahf will be protected from the tribulations of the Dajjal.” [Mundhiri, al-Targhib wal Tarhib, #2172-2173]

Imam Shafi`i (Allah have mercy on him) said in his Umm,

“It has reached us that whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Fridays will be protected from the Dajjal.” [Shafi`i, al-Umm, 1.239]

Surah al-Kahf relates four major stories to us:

i- The stories of the Ashabul Kahfi
ii- The stories of two men with two gardens
iii- The stories of Prophet Moses a.s with al-Khidr
iv- The stories of Dhul Qarnayn with Ya’juj wa Ma’juj

All these four stories, if we ponder on them really hard, actually revolves around the main theme of trials. The first story which talks about the believing youths and the disbeliever King who wanted to prosecute them for believing in Islam. This is a story that shows us how faith or religion can be a trial to us. Whereas in the second story, it tells us about how wealth can also become a trial to a person. The story of the two men and the two gardens portrays to us how one can become haughty due to his abundance of wealth and offsprings which finally led him to disbelieve in the Day of Judgement. The story of the Prophet Moses and al-Khidr represents the trial that one can face regarding his/her knowledge and the last story of Dhul-Qarnayn is talking about the trial of power.

It was said the the wisdom behind this surah being revealed as a protection to the fitnah al-Maseeh ad-Dajjal is because Dajjal is the biggest fitnah that will be faced by mankind as mentioned in a hadeeth (excerpt from here):

Imran bin Hussain (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “Between time of the creation of Adam and the Resurrection Day, there is nothing greater than the mischief of Dajjal (the Antichrist).”[Muslim].

Why is he the biggest fitnah to mankind? It is because the trials that he will inflict upon us will include all four trials that have been mentioned in the stories in Surah al-Kahf. SubhanAllah. I’ve read Surah al-Kahf for so many times but I never thought of it in this light. The stories are diverse indeed but alhamdulillah today, I can see the connections between the stories in the Surah. It is very magnificent, really, to think how Allah SWT has arranged His kalimah in this Holy Book. It truly is a miracle!

The surah not only mentions to us of the trials but it also detail out for us the solutions on how to handle each and every trials, specifically. As for the trial of the religion, one should do his utmost to convey the message of truth, and always be in a company of righteous companions to prevent him from going astray. As for the trials of the wealth, one should always remember that everything in this world that is in one’s possession is only temporary. Only then, the riches and the progeny will not cause one to feel superior and exalted for all that one has accumulated in this world will, sooner or later, perish. One also needs to be humble and not looking down on others, instead one should be eager to learn more from scholars when trialed with knowledge. The manner is shown to us from the etiquette of Prophet Moses a.s when he asked the permission from al-Khidr to join him and to learn from him the knowledge that Allah has taught him. And last but not least, the trial of power. If one were given the authority over an organization or a country, one must act as a righteous leader, call to what is good and forbid the evil and be good towards his/her underlings and make sure that their rights are being fulfilled.

I learned a lot today. InshaAllah, the next time I read Surah al-Kahf, it will not be the same again. This halaqah really opens up my eyes. It really makes me think we should reflect more on the verses of the Qur’an that we recite daily. In fact, we should get closer to the teachers who teach Qur’an for I am sure we can extract more of the ‘juice’ from them then just us contemplating on our own and read the tafseer alone. May Allah blesses us with more beneficial knowledge and may He strengthens us with the will to act upon the knowledge that we have acquired, ameen. That’s all from me today. Till then.

Wassalamu’alaykum.

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Comments
  1. Shuaib Mansoori says:

    Wa Alaikumus Salam Wa Rahmatullah!

    JazakAllah Khair for sharing these gems 🙂

  2. Abdul-Wahed M says:

    Wonderful lesson

  3. Idris A says:

    Thank u very much for this lessons u have impacted. May Allah reward u, Ameen.

  4. damaihati says:

    Assalamualaikum…i would like to share hadith in your post.

  5. mohamed arale says:

    MAY ALLAH BLESS YOU.THIS WAS THE TOPIC TODAY BY THE IMAM IN MAJID TABUK FOR FRIDAY KHUDBA AND WE WENT PAST 1.30PM FOR PRAYERS .IT WAS INTRESTING.

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